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Placed in the heart of the homonymous gulf, in the middle between two magic coasts: Amalfi Coast and Cilento Coast, Salerno represents the combination between a fascinating history and a huge sphere of artistic, urbanistic and architectural beauties.
The area of Salerno hosted a small Pre-Roman settlement, as witnessed by the Etruscan necropolis in the quarter of Fratte. The Roman castrum Salerni was then founded in 197 BC. In the middle ages Salerno became the main Longobard principality in the south of Italy. During this time, the Schola Medica Salernitana, the first medical school in the world, was founded. In the 16th century, under the Sanseverino family, among the most powerful feudal lords in southern Italy, the city became a great centre of learning, culture and the arts, and the family hired several of the greatest intellectuals of the time. With the arrival of the Normans lead by Robert Guiscard, Salerno was still the major center of the southern Italy, even offering protection to the Pope for a few years.
Later, in 1694, the city was struck by several catastrophic earthquakes and plagues. After a period of Spanish rule which would last until the 18th century. With the emperor Frederick II, Salerno definitely lost its capital role in favour of Naples.
In September 1943, during the World War II, Salerno was the scene of the Operation Avalanche and suffered a great deal of damage. From February 12 to July 17, 1944, it hosted the Government of Marshal Pietro Badoglio. In those months Salerno was the temporary “Capital of the Kingdom of Italy”, and the King Victor Emmanuel III lived in a mansion in its outskirts.
Today Salerno is a very lively town that has been rapidly renewing its look in the last few years. From west to east, we find the commercial port, the old town, and the modern center ending at the train station. Beyond the station, the town has considerably grown in size in the last fifty years, reaching 140,000 inhabitants. You will certainly appreciate the shops of Via dei Mercanti in the old town and Corso Vittorio Emanuele in the modern center, stretching eastward to the train station. With fine weather, have a stroll on the beautiful Lungomare (seafront). You will find a lot of restaurants and pubs both in the old town and in the modern center. In particular, people use to cluster in Via Roma in front of the town hall.
A patron saint of Salerno is Saint Matthew, the Apostle, whose relics are kept here at the crypt of Salerno Cathedral.
How to reach us
From Naples Airport (NAP)
At the Naples Capodichino airport (just outside the Arrivals gate, after the baggage claim) you can take a direct bus bound to Salerno city center.
The bus Company is Buonotourist. The ride from the Airport of Naples Capodichino to Salerno and vice versa takes about 65 minutes. The rides are made from Friday to Saturday, excluding Sundays and holidays. The ticket, which costs € 4.30 each way, can be purchased directly on board.
There are two departures per day set at: 09:15 and 13:30 (click here for the timetable). In Salerno will be done 5 different stops. The stop which is closest to the railway station is “Piazza Della Concordia”.
In front of the arrivals, take the “Alibus” to Naples train station (Napoli Centrale at Piazza Garibaldi). The company provides a daily service, including holidays, with a frequency of 20 minutes. The ticket, which costs € 3.00 each way, can also be purchased on board with a supplement of € 1,00 each. The ride to Piazza Garibaldi lasts about 20 minutes. The first departure from the Airport is at 06:30, the last around 23:30. For more information, please visit Alibus.
At the train station in Piazza Garibaldi take a train to Salerno (click here for the timetable)
Remember to stamp the train ticket at the yellow machines before getting on the train. The whole trip takes 1h30 approximately
From Rome Airport (FCO or CIA)
Take the train Leonardo Express to “Roma Termini” (main station). It is a direct train that serves the route between the airport and the centre of the city of Rome every 30 minutes. Ticket costs euro 14 and can be bought at the airport train station. Get your ticket stamped in a yellow validation machine just before using it. Ticket expires 90 minutes after validation. The train Leonardo Express covers the distance in 30 minutes.
At Roma Termini take a corresponding train to Salerno. The whole trip takes 3 hours approximately. Tickets can be purchased at the airport train station or at Roma Termini (click here for the timetable). Remember to stamp the ticket at the yellow machines before getting on the train.
with the patronage of